How to Paraphrase a Paragraph

Learn techniques and best practices for properly paraphrasing paragraphs to avoid plagiarism while accurately representing sources.

By: Rachel Meltzer, Published on: 2024-02-04 , Last Updated: 04-02-24

Reviewed by: Dustin Long

Table of Contents

When writing papers or articles, many writers and students find it difficult to reword paragraph-long sections into their own words. While maintaining the clarity of important concepts from research, learning how to properly rephrase the paragraphs will help you avoid charges of plagiarism in your writing. 

This guide explains what it means to rewrite a paragraph, why it matters, how to restate a paragraph effectively, gives examples of paragraphs and their paraphrases, lists common errors to avoid when restating a paragraph, and addresses some frequently asked questions. To enhance your skills and abilities in rewriting paragraphs, follow along.

What Does It Mean To Paraphrase A Paragraph?

To rewrite a paragraph means to take an entire passage from a source and rewrite it in your own words. The rephrased paragraph should use your own words and sentence patterns to convey all the important details from the original. 

It shouldn't only change a few words here and there or repeat complete sentences from the source material. To effectively rewrite a paragraph, you need to understand its topic and then explain it in your own words. 

Your reworked paragraph should appear fresh and original while maintaining the main concepts and details.

Why Is It Important To Rewrite A Paragraph?

It is important to restate paragraphs for a few reasons. There are three main reasons why putting paragraphs in your own words matters:

  •  Assists in Understanding 

It helps you ensure that you truly understand the meaning of the initial paragraph. If you can pick up something and then describe it in your own words, it shows you understand it.

  • Generates Concepts 

It is easier for others to understand when you properly rephrase paragraphs in your terms, especially when the original paragraph contains very complex or advanced vocabulary. Concepts become clearer when language is used more simply.

  • Rewriting a Paragraph Helps Avoid Plagiarism

Rephrasing a paragraph helps avoid plagiarism. When you copy someone else's work and pass it off as your own, it is called plagiarism. However, if you read something and then rewrite it in your own words, you prove that you truly understood the content. All you need to do is make sure you give proper credit to the original author of the ideas.

5 Ways To Rephrase A Paragraph

The key to restating a paragraph is that, while making these various changes to the structure and vocabulary used, you must accurately represent the original ideas and meaning of the paragraph. This takes understanding and re-expression using one's own words and writing style.

1. Make Use of Synonyms

Words with the same general meaning or synonyms should be used in place of those words used in the original paragraph. That will help in rephrasing sentences in the paragraph.

2. Modify the Sentence Form

Modify the sentence structure and syntax while maintaining the main concepts. For example, split lengthy sentences into two shorter ones and switch from active to passive voice (or vice versa).

3. Turn the Idea into an Order

Change the order in which you present the concepts, information, or ideas from the original text. This shows an understanding of the links between ideas.

4. Include or Exclude Details

If it helps with understanding, add relevant examples and explanations or remove unnecessary words and information without changing its main message. 

5. Swap Opinions

Rewrite the paragraph from a different point of view or in a different narrative style. Switching from the third person to the first person point of view is one example.

Related Post: 

A Proper Paraphrasing Guide

Examples Of Paraphrased Paragraphs 

Here are some of the examples of rephrased paragraphs given below:


Water is an essential resource that sustains all life on Earth. We depend on water for drinking, sanitation, agriculture, and industry. Yet water scarcity threatens many communities around the world. We must conserve water and manage it thoughtfully as the precious resource it truly is.


Everything that exists on Earth needs water. It relieves thirst, cleans up areas, irrigates farms, and drives industry. Water scarcity puts many people in danger, despite its necessity. It is essential to protect and handle this valuable resource with care.


Christmas lights sparkle festively while carols fill the air. Families reunite to exchange gifts and cheer, honor Jesus’s birth, or simply celebrate kindness and hope during the darkest winter days.


The Christmas carols fill the air as beautiful Christmas lights shine. In the middle of the coldest winter days, families get together to celebrate kindness and joy or to remember the birth of Jesus.

Common Mistakes To Avoid In Restating A Paragraph

Following these guidelines will help ensure your paraphrases are high-quality, useful, and ethical

  • Some people think that rephrasing is just changing words once in a while. To effectively rephrase the paragraph, one must use completely new language and sentence structures to convey the same main concepts.
  • Don't just rearrange sentences or substitute synonyms. The text needs to be properly rewritten in your own words and writing style.
  • Make sure your paraphrase accurately captures the concepts and meaning of the original text. Avoid mistakenly changing the data.
  • Mention the original author's work whenever you rewrite something to ensure proper credit is given to them. Failing to do so could be considered plagiarism.
  • Only use direct quotes. Most of the content that is referenced should be rephrased.
  • Make sure to note which sections are your modifications and which are taken directly from the source if you add your ideas or interpretations.
  • Use the signal phrases and proper attribution to set the rephrased text apart from your analysis or findings.

Ending Notes 

Paraphrasing the paragraphs effectively avoids plagiarism by accurately representing the original information. It involves understanding the original text, using synonyms, and incorporating complex concepts. It is beneficial for many academic fields to become proficient in rephrasing.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is paraphrasing a paragraph?

Rephrasing a paragraph is rewriting the full passage completely in your own words.

2. How do you rewrite a paragraph easily?

Use synonyms, alter sentence patterns, change idea order, and add explanations while preserving the original meaning.

3. How do you rephrase a paragraph without plagiarizing?

Accurately represent the ideas in your style without copying phrases, and properly cite the source.

4. How can I restate a paragraph online?

Online paraphrasing can help but often requires human checking to ensure quality and accuracy.

5. Can restating paragraphs develop my writing abilities? 

Yes, rephrasing the paragraphs builds essential skills of comprehension, concision, and ethical incorporation of source information.